Journal of Management Information Systems

Volume 28 Number 4 2012 pp. 69-98

Understanding Technology Support for Organizational Transactive Memory: Requirements, Application, and Customization

Nevo, Dorit, Benbasat, Izak, and Wand, Yair

ABSTRACT: Transactive memory is an effective mechanism for locating and coordinating expertise in small groups and has been shown to hold numerous benefits for groups and organizations. To extend transactive memory beyond the scope of small groups, researchers have proposed the use of information technology (IT). This paper provides an integrated discussion of our knowledge from three studies concerning IT support in transactive memory in organizations. Focusing on meta-memory, which is at the heart of transactive memory systems, we examine what meta-memory is maintained by members of transactive memory systems, whether providing this meta-memory in a technology-mediated environment can lead to transactive memory development, whether IT can realistically provide this meta-memory, and whether different requirements exist for different users and in different stages of transactive memory development. We discuss the implications of these studies to both research and practice.

Key words and phrases: expertise location, meta-memory, social media, transactive memory